Recipe for Lardo Pesto on Sourdough Flatbread

Last May, we packed our bags, and wove our way through western Europe, visiting farms and markets on the hunt for the traditional foods of the old world.  We camped at a dairy in the English countryside, visited Paris’s oldest street markets, stayed at a traditional Swiss dairy farm, and visited farms in Iceland as well as in Italy where we met up with Jovial Foods and several Nourished Kitchen readers for week of celebration of real food, traditional cooking all while enjoying the rich culture and heritage of the  region.

There, in Italy, as a guest for Jovial Foods, I met with long-time readers and taught a week-long traditional foods retreat.  People gathered from the US, from Poland, from France, and we settled in to an 18th century villa nestled in the sprawling expanse of the Tuscan hills.

cherub (1 of 1)

The Retreat

We arrived in Lucca late in the evening after having traveled by rail from the coast of southern France,  the night grew dark, and we made our way, exhausted from travel, to the kitchen of the large villa where we met Shauna an Danny of Gluten-free Girl and the folks at Jovial Foods who had just finished up a gluten-free retreat (there’s another gluten-free retreat planned for autumn – check it out here).

We ate, and we drank, and the children danced late into the night until they fell into their beds, exhausted and worn.

The next morning, as guests from the previous week left, guests for the traditional foods retreat arrived, one-by-one.  Many I’d known for some time through emails, or through Nourished Kitchen’s Facebook page.  Others had been long-time subscribers to meal plans or cooking classes, and others still were new readers.  But we had all come together in celebration and in joy, with a love of traditional food and an eagerness to explore Italy’s heritage and culture.


The Villa & Workshops

The villa that hosts the retreats sits on expansive grounds, and every garden, every hedge holds the promise of food and flavor.  Olive, quince and other fruit trees decorate the gardens.  Each hedge is made of sweet bay, and entire bushes of rosemary spring up from the wet earth.  Jovial kept the fridges in the villa stocked with vegetables, local cheeses and charcuteries while the pantry was full of wine and fresh fruit.

My husband spent most of our time at the villa, prepping for the workshops, or watching as our little boy played in the pool or at the playground.  We ran workshops on fermentation, seasonal vegetables, nose-to-tail eating and sourdough baking, and in the evenings we’d gather together in the kitchen over wine, and leftovers, to laugh, chat and discuss the outings – for the villa isn’t all that far away from Pisa and Florence.

Einkorn Fields

The Farm

Throughout our time in Italy, what struck me most was the profound integrity of food production from the soil to harvest, from harvest to preparation and preparation to plate.  In this way, I rediscovered a lagging sense of inspiration, one that I had not found since discovering the traditional foods movement 7 years ago; that is a true celebration of food for what it is – and an embracing of taste, texture and origin.

While this sense of honor and celebration of wholesome, traditional foods infused our entire week in Italy, it was never more pronounced than when we visited one of Jovial’s einkorn farmers just outside of the historic city of Siena.  While we saw the lush green hills of the expansive farm, the farmer discussed with us the critical importance of biodiversity, of rotating crops (he grows only ancient grains), and of honoring the land through biodynamic and organic methods, illustrating that these methods that are economically and ecologically sustainable can be employed on a large scale.

Further, we saw his production facilities, including where the grains are sifted, sorted and packed in a way that ensures freshness, minimizing the chance of oxidation and rancidity that challenges poorly stored grains.  Indeed, there is a distinct importance placed on quality and sustainability that runs through all levels of production.

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The Food

And we celebrated with food, with lots of food, and plenty of wine, too.  While we traveled, and I explained my interest in traditional foods, the people we met gratefully shared their grandmothers’ recipes, or the traditions of their homes.  They were simple foods, humble foods and delicious foods – food without pretense.  Farro and Bean Soup.  Chicken Liver Mousse.  Fava Beans.  Seared Beef Heart. Lamb’s pluck with sweet bay and olive oil.  And lots, and lots of lard.

Among my favorite foods we tried, and there are many, was shared by Carla who started both Jovial Foods and Bionaturae: Lardo Pesto, or Pesto Modenese.  Unlike basil pesto, which combines basil with olive oil and pine nuts, lardo pesto combines lard with rosemary and garlic, and it is impossibly delicious, terribly simple and utterly rustic.  Traditionally served sandwiched in tigelle, or a traditional Italian bread, I serve it slathered over sourdough einkorn flatbread, straight out of the oven and sprinkled with finely grated Parmesan cheese, as an appetizer or an adjunct to a light lunch.

Flat Bread with Lardo Pesto / Pesto Modenese

Lardo Pesto (Pesto Modenese) on Sourdough Flatbread

Prep Time: 4 hours, 10 minutes

Cook Time: 10 minutes

Total Time: 4 hours, 20 minutes

Yield: 6 to 8 servings

Serving Size: 1 slice

Lardo Pesto (Pesto Modenese) on Sourdough Flatbread

A traditional pesto of Modena, Lardo Pesto combines creamy white lard with garlic and rosemary needles in an utterly rich, but deceptively light adornment to breads. Typically served with tigelle, a traditional Italian bread, we serve ours melted over a simple flatbread, and adorned with freshly grated parmesan cheese.


    For the Bread
  • 3 1/2 cups high-extraction einkorn flour, plus extra to work the dough
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 teaspoon unrefined sea salt
  • 2 tablespoons unrefined, cold-pressed extra virgin olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons Sourdough Starter (get the tutorial here)
  • For the Lardo Pesto
  • 1 clove garlic
  • 2 ounces room temperature lardo (available here), chopped fine
  • 1 sprigs rosemary
  • 1/4 cup finely grated parmesan cheese


  1. Pour the flour, water, salt, olive oil and sourdough starter together in a medium-sized mixing bowl. Continue working the dough until it develops a smooth elasticity, then form it into a ball. Drizzle a clean mixing bowl with olive oil, and then place the dough into the bowl. Cover it well with plastic wrap or a tight-fitting lid, and let it rise until doubled in bulk, about 6 hours.
  2. Place a baking stone (like this one) in the oven, and heat the oven to 450 F.
  3. Roll out the dough into a disc about 1/4-inch thick. Then place it into the oven, baking it until it puffs slightly and becomes golden brown at the edges - about 10 to 12 minutes.
  4. While the pizza bakes, crush the garlic with a mortar and pestle (find them here), then slowly work in the lardo by mashing it well into the garlic to form a smooth white paste. Take the rosemary in one hand, then pinch of its needles with the thumb and forefinger of your other hand, and work them into the paste of lardo and garlic.
  5. Remove the hot flatbread from the oven, and immediately spread the Lardo Pesto on the hot bread, allowing the breads heat to melt the lard. Sprinkle the parmesan over the lard-slathered bread. Return to the oven for 3 to 5 minutes. Slice and serve while still hot.


If you cannot find lardo, a traditional salt- and herb-cured pork belly fat, you can substitute rendered lard or fresh pork belly. Learn how to render lard here.

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What people are saying

  1. Lisa says

    Wow! We just got back from Central Europe. How did you arrange your farm tours? We would love to do something like this on our next trip. We ate at Bushen Schanks in Austria and had so many traditional foods (lard spread, blood sausage, liverwurst, etc). It was fabulous. Plus, I cannot eat wheat in the US but did fine on it there. Thanks for sharing.

  2. Karen Dodd says

    I spent 6 months near Benevento and Puglia region and Sicily learning the biodynamic organic methods of food production. Love your website and love reading about your travels. One farm I worked at was part of a small group of people who were always in search of “ancient grains” to make their bread with. Once a year they would grow their wheat using an ancient grain on a farm in Benevento and many family members would get together for the harvest of the grains. After bagging their grains they would only use one miller to make their flour to be assured of its’ purity. Look on youtube for this short video put to music of the people who really love their grain.

  3. says

    My family will be in Italy this Christmas. We have reservations in Rome right around Christmas Day but afterward will be heading toward Pisa and Florence area. Can you give recommendations for a foodie-loving traveler? I know it won’t be growing season, but what about a cooking school or some other edible tourism?

  4. Robbie says

    All interested in preservation of biodiversity in farming, traditional cuisines and spreading the knowledge and the love should support the Slow Food movement : this international organisation has, for more than 25 years been actively involved in food politics, farming practices and taste education.They do great work!

  5. Fabio says

    Not for nothing Modena is also called “La Grassa” (the fat one) not because people are fat (quite the opposite) but because its traditional food is incredibly high in animal-fat content, hence, delicious! As a native of Modena myself, your post brought back fond memories. Thank you!

  6. Christiane says

    Hi Jenny,

    I LOVE love the way you present your recipes, very inspiring! I am an Herbalist/Astrologer living in New Orleans, just piecing together my multi-faceted career of self-employment hustle. One day I would love to lead herbal tours through Italy! My grandmother is from Milan and I studied abroad in Bologna (yum!) so it’s not too far off hopefully. I just wanted to say that I scour your website all the time for inspiration and ideas and it never disappoints. I was born in Denver and spent a lot of my childhood in Colorado so I enjoy also reading about life in the mountain valley. Thank you! Christiane

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