Pasture-Raised Pork is better for your body.
The dominant fat in pork, pasture-raised or not, is monounsaturated fat - the same fat found in abundance in avocado and olive oil that gives these foods a "heart healthy" designation. Monounsaturated fat
When pigs are raised on pasture, with access to natural forage and plenty of sunshine, their meat and fat are also richer in micronutrients, particularly fat-soluble vitamins E and D, as well as minerals like selenium (1). As monogastric animals, like humans, pigs make vitamin D in their skin and in their fat when they're exposed to sunlight, making pasture-raised pork particularly rich in vitamin D.
Further, pigs raised on pasture are not routinely given antibiotics or ractopamine, a feed additive that's banned in 160 countries but used routinely in industrial US pork production. It was approved in the US after only a single study of six men, one of whom dropped out of the study because of heart problems (2). Scientists have recommended against using ractopamine, and drugs like it, in meat production owing to the potential hazard to human health it poses (3).
Pasture-Raised Pork is better for pigs.
When pigs are raised on pasture, with free access to move, root around and wallow in the mud and beneath the sunshine, they enjoy an existence that is species-appropriate. When they're raised in confinement, without room to move freely, they're often subject to deplorable conditions - hard surfaces, gestational crates that completely restrict the movement of sows, and foul odors of ammonia that can harm their lungs.
Pasture-Raised Pork is better for the land.
Confinement operations that hold 2,500 to 10,000 pigs at a time, creating a massive problem for waste disposal. CAFOs sit atop concrete pits that manage the disposal of manure. Festering pits of animal waste can create an enormous environmental burden and threaten local waterways. They're also prone to spillage.
By contrast, when pigs are raised on pasture and managed holistically through rotational grazing, the problem of waste disposal becomes moot. Instead of damaging the environment, the waste animals deposit builds the soil, and their natural rooting ability acts as tilling the soil - preparing it for food production in future seasons (4).
Pasture-Raised Pork is better for public health.
Animals raised in confinement operations do not enjoy the kind of life that contributes to resilient, healthy animals. That is, they lack room to exercise, clean air, a natural and species-appropriate diet; moreover, they're raised in extremely crowded conditions that can create disease. They're often given antibiotics sub-therapeutically, that is, routinely and without clear need, such as infection.
About 80% of antibiotics used in the United States is used on animals, and this overuse of antibiotics poses a serious threat to public health, contributing to the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (5). Indeed, farm workers and people living near large confinement operations are more likely to carry drug-resistant bacteria than the general population.
By contrast, when pigs are raised on pasture, they're less likely to carry drug-resistant bacteria (6), primarily because they're not routinely exposed to antibiotics.
Producers preserve heritage breeds at risk of extinction.
Producers who raise pigs on pasture tend to choose heritage breeds, many of which are in danger of extinction as they're poorly adapted to confinement operations. Instead, small farms choose heritage breeds that are singularly adapted to the environment of the farm. By raising diverse heritage breeds, producers of pasture-raised pork not only preserve a legacy of farming and culture, but also help to ensure biodiversity.
- Mahan, D. "Are We Still Having Vitamin E and Selenium Deficiencies in Pigs?" Ohio State University.
- Parcelle, W. "Banned in 160 Nations, Why is Ractopamine in US Pork?" Live Science. (2014)
- Kuiper, H A et al. “Illegal use of beta-adrenergic agonists: European Community.” Journal of animal science vol. 76,1 (1998)
- Nelson, G. Use Pigs Natural Ability When Digging a Garden. Mother Earth News.
- Antibiotic Resistance and NARS Surveillance. CDC (2022)
- Langlois, B E et al. “Effect of age and housing location on antibiotic resistance of fecal coliforms from pigs in a non-antibiotic-exposed herd.” Applied and environmental microbiology vol. 54,6 (1988): 1341-4.